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Turnpike Cruiser Engines

Posted By Florida_Phil 2 Months Ago
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Florida_Phil
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I have always wondered about the 368 and 383 Turnpike Cruiser engines.  Are they Y-Blocks?  Do any of the parts interchange with the smaller Y-Blocks?  Can they be hot rodded?
ponymare
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Thinking the 368 is Y block, but the 383,410 and 430 are more FE style only bigger, the combustion chamber is in the cyl, heads are flat, all three had the same crank, but used different bores. My uncle has a 383, it pulls like a locomotive, I've not seen any hop up parts for them though.
charliemccraney
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The 368 is a Lincoln Y Block.  The 383 is an MEL. Very few of the Lincoln parts interchange.  The MEL is a totally different family so probably nothing interchanges.  Both can be hot rodded but speed parts are even more scarce and expensive.  Both have been at engine masters, with the MEL winning a couple times, extremely highly modified, though.


Lawrenceville, GA
Ted
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Adding to what Charlie has mentioned:

The 368 engines are in the OHV (Overhead Valve) family of engines which were introduced in 1952 as the 317 engine.  They are more commonly known as the LYB (Lincoln Y-Block) family of engines.  This engine series was phased out in 1963 while being a truck engine at 302 and 332 cubic inches.  1957 was the last year the LYB engines were used in a passenger car (Lincoln and Mercury) and was replaced by the FE (Ford Edsel) and M-E-L engines which were introduced for the 1958 model year.  Those LYB engines have the same cylinder bore centers as the Ford FE engines which simplified changing over the machinery to produce the FE engines.  As previously mentioned, there's very little parts interchangeability with the Ford Y with the oil pump being the only part that is direct replacement part for both engines.  The distributors interchange if the distributor gears are changed out accordingly.

The 383 engines were members of the M-E-L (Mercury Edsel Lincoln) family of engines.  These engines were introduced in 1958 as the 383 for the Mercury, the 410 for the Edsel, and the 430 for the Lincoln, Thunderbird, and Mercury.  The Super Marauder 430 in 1958 had the highest rated horsepower for any of the car manufacturers at 400HP and 490 lb/ft torque.  Starting in 1961, this family of engines was only used in the Lincoln lineup.  In 1966, the engine displacement is increased to 462 cubic inches.  Comes 1968, this engine family is phased out midyear and is replaced by the 385 Series of engines as the 429 and eventually the 460.  The MEL and 385 Series of engines also share the same cylinder bore centers thus making machining changeover between the two families of engines more expedient and less costly.


Lorena, Texas (South of Waco)


Florida_Phil
Posted 2 Months Ago
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Thanks for the info.  The 368 looks like a Y-Block, especially the valve covers and the intake.  Back in the day, I remember some great running 430s.  A guy at our local circle track had one in a 1957 Ford Custom and it hauled ass. 
darrell
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the mercury 383 and 430 used the same bell as the fe.the lincoln was different


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